In addition, your kidneys regulate pH, salt, and potassium levels in your body. They also produce hormones that regulate blood pressure and control the production of red blood cells.
Most people don’t need to see a health care professional before starting a less intense physical activity, like walking. However, if you have chronic conditions, such as diabetes—or symptoms of chronic conditions—talk with a health professional about the type and amount of physical activity that’s best for you.
Your doctor can also do a urine test to see if a blood protein called albumin is in your pee. It’s not supposed to be there. If it is, you may get more tests to see if there’s a problem with your kidneys.
There could be other reasons. But if you do have a kidney problem, it’s best to find out early.
There’s no magic behind the cliché advice to drink eight glasses of water a day, but it’s a good goal precisely because it encourages you to stay hydrated. Regular, consistent water intake is healthy for your kidneys.
3. Monitor blood pressureHigh blood pressure can cause kidney damage. If high blood pressure occurs with other health issues like diabetes, heart disease, or high cholesterol, the impact on your body can be significant.
A healthy blood pressure reading is 120/80. Prehypertension is between that point and 139/89. Lifestyle and dietary changes may help lower your blood pressure at this point.
If your blood pressure readings are consistently above 140/90, you may have high blood pressure. You should talk with your doctor about monitoring your blood pressure regularly, making changes to your lifestyle, and possibly taking medication.
However, if you can control your blood sugar, you reduce the risk of damage. Also, if the damage is caught early, your doctor can take steps to reduce or prevent additional damage.
People with no kidney issues who take the medicine occasionally are likely in the clear. However, if you use these medicines daily, you could be risking your kidneys’ health. Talk with your doctor about kidney-safe treatments if you’re coping with pain.
After making your plan, start setting goals for putting your plan into action. Start with small changes. For example, “I’m going to walk for 10 minutes, three times a week.” What is the one step you can take right away?
Make your future a healthy one. Remember that eating healthy, getting regular physical activity, and other healthy habits are lifelong behaviors, not one-time events.
Always keep an eye on your efforts and seek ways to deal with the planned and unplanned changes in life.
Types of kidney diseaseChronic kidney diseaseThe most common form of kidney disease is chronic kidney disease. A major cause of chronic kidney disease is high blood pressure.
Because your kidneys are constantly processing your body’s blood, they’re exposed to about 20 percent of your total volume of blood every minute.High blood pressure is dangerous for your kidneys because it can lead to increased pressure on the glomeruli, the functional units of your kidney.
In time, this high pressure compromises the filtering apparatus of your kidneys and their functioning declines.Eventually, kidney function will deteriorate to the point where they can no longer properly perform their job, and you’ll have to go on dialysis.
Dialysis filters fluid and wastes out of your blood, but it isn’t a long-term solution. Eventually, you may need a kidney transplant, but it depends on your particular circumstance.
Diabetes is another major cause of chronic kidney disease. Over time, uncontrolled blood sugar levels will damage the functional units of your kidney, also leading to kidney failure.Kidney stonesAnother common kidney problem is kidney stones.
Minerals and other substances in your blood may crystallize in the kidneys, forming solid particles, or stones, that usually pass out of your body in urine.
Passing kidney stones can be extremely painful, but rarely causes significant problems.GlomerulonephritisGlomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the glomeruli, microscopic structures inside your kidneys that perform the filtration of blood. Glomerulonephritis can be caused by infections, drugs, congenital abnormalities, and autoimmune diseases.
This condition may get better on its own or require immunosuppressive medications.Polycystic kidney diseaseIndividual kidney cysts are fairly common and usually harmless, but polycystic kidney disease is a separate, more serious condition.
Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder that causes many cysts, round sacs of fluid, to grow inside and on the surfaces of your kidneys, interfering with kidney function. Urinary tract infectionsUrinary tract infections are bacterial infections of any of the parts of your urinary system.