CLUE: FLIP THROUGH YOUR COURSE MATERIALS FOR CORRECT ANSWERS.
(CHECK SOLUTIONS FROM 51 – 165 BELOW)
51.The headteacher approves timetable and is also responsible for preparing the general timetable for the school. (True/False).
-One of the principles of timetabling is that all subjects should be fully covered or adequately catered for as expected. (True/False).
-One of the conditions necessary for delegation is that effective communication flow must occasionally exist between the superior and the subordinate. (True/False).
-After duties have been assigned, the appropriate authority needed for their achievement should be kept secret by the superior. (True/False).
-The concept of District Assemblies was instituted into the political administration of Ghana by the PNDC government. (True/False).
-A school community refers to different group of individuals living in an area and having varied lifestyles, practices and sentiments. (True/False).
-The paternal climate exists in schools where the head is on the average older than the teachers. (True/False).
-The Accelerated Development Plan of Education in Ghana came into being in the year 1951. (True/False).
-The Roman Catholic Mission started in the Akropong Akwapim areas in present day Eastern Region of Ghana. (True/False).
60.The Basel Missionary Society started its mission work at Elmina in the present day Central Region of Ghana. (True/False).
-One characteristic of traditional African Education is that it
a) has only one purpose b) is largely informal and non-specialized
c) is confined to politics and medicine d) mainly focuses on character training
-Which one of the following is a strength of traditional African education?
a) assessment is continuous and preventive
b) it focuses more on the group rather than the individual
c) it is non-literate d) people are trained to fit the demands of other environments
-The first castle school in the Gold Coast was established by the .
a) Dutch b) British c) Danes d) Portuguese
-Which one of the following products of the castle schools made a significant contribution to education in the Gold Coast?
a) Philip Quaque b) Anthony William Amo c) Thomas Caboro
d) Rev. Thomas Thompson
-One notable effect of Castle school education at that time was that it .
a) Introduced the natives to the institutional structures of the Europeans
b) Provided an avenue for trade with the Europeans
c) Changed the perception of the Europeans about the Africans
d) Enabled Africans to influence the Europeans to their advantage
-Which one of the following Missionary groups was the first to establish school education in the Gold Coast?
a) The Roman Catholic Mission b) The Wesleyan Mission
c) The Basel Mission d) The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel
-Which one of the following Missionaries was associated with writing in a local Gold Coast language? a) Rev. Thomas Birch Freeman b) Rev. J.G. Christaller
c) Rev. William Amo d) Rev. Philip Quaque
-Which one of the following Educational Ordinances of the Gold Coast made precisions for female education? a) The 1852 ordinance b) The 1882 ordinance
c) The 1887 ordinance d) None of the above
-Which one of the following Educational Ordinances of the Gold Coast established the payment by results system?
a) The 1852 ordinance b) The 1882 ordinance
c) The 1887 ordinance d) The 1909 reforms
70.Which one of the following was a major achievement of Governor Rodgers reforms in the Gold Coast Education?
a) The establishment of the payment by results system
b) The improvement of female education
c) The spread of school education d) The improvement of Technical Education
-Which one of the following Governors in his efforts to improve primary education sent out inferior teachers of the profession and then closed down 150 bush schools? a) Governor de-Richelieu b) John Rodger c) Gordon Guggisburg d) Sir Allan Burns
-In which year was the first Accelerated Development Plan for Education in Ghana launched? a) 1925 b) 1946 c) 1951 d) 1961
-Which one of the following was an outcome of the Accelerated Development Plan for Education?
a) Falling standards of Education
b) Neglect of Technical and Vocational Education
c) Fall in conditions of service for teachers
d) Reduction in scholarships to save money for more schools
-In which year was the first University established in Ghana?
a) 1938 b) 1948 c) 1951 d) 1962
-It is compulsory for all children in Ghana to attend school. In which year was the rule first established in Ghana?
a) 1951 b) 1961 c) 1978 d) 1987
-Which of the following educational reforms proposed the Junior Secondary School concept?
a) The Educational reforms of 1972 b) The Educational reforms of 1974
c) The Educational reforms of 1987 d) The Erzuah Committee
-The N.L.C. which ruled Ghana from 1966 to 1969 appointed two bodies to look into some aspects of the educational systems of Ghana. One of these bodies was ..
a) The Kwapong Committee b) The Coussey Committee
c) The Dzobo Committee d) The Erzuah Committee
The European merchants established the castle schools in the Gold Coast to
a) educate their mulatto children b) expose the African to productive skills
c) introduce the African to scientific skills d) teach the local people survival skills
Which of the following Gold Coast Scholars was a graduate of the Elmina Castle?
a) Christien Protten b) Jacobus Capitein
c) Kwegyir Aggrey d) Philip Quaque
-In which year were preschools first integrated into the basic education structure in Ghana? a) 1961 b) 1974 c) 1992 d) 2005
-How many public colleges of education are in Ghana currently?
a) 35 b) 38 c) 40 d) 42
80. The pioneering educational activities of the Methodist Church was mainly done by
a) Rev. Francis Wrigley b) Rev. John Harrop
c) Rev. Joseph Dunwell d) Rev. Thomas Birch Freeman
-What is the new name for the Senior Secondary School in Ghana?
a) Middle-grade b) Junior High c) Senior High d) Pre-tertiary
-What is the term given to the management function which involves anticipating the future? a) Planning b) Organising c) Coordinating d) Budgeting
-Which of these has externally imposed and internally imposed characteristics?
a) Authority b) Discipline c) Budgeting d) Planning
-Which of the following is most likely to strain relations between the school and the community?
a) The school getting too involved in what goes on in the community
b) The community getting too involved in what goes on in the school
c) The school using the pupils in income generating activities
d) The community using school classrooms and playing fields
-The management function which involves making decisions, orders and instructions is known as
a) Directing b) Coordinating c) Budgeting d) Organizing
-In which of the following school records will you find the most comprehensive information about a pupil?
a) the cumulative record b) the report card c) the register d) the log book
Which of the following is not a school record book?
a) the minutes book b) the ledger c) the transactions book d) the inventory
-Which of the following statements explains child accounting as a pupil personnel service?
a) opening a ledger account to record all fees paid by each pupil
b) holding the teacher accountable for failure of pupils they teach
c) establishing a system of recording the good and bad behaviour of pupils
d) establishing an enumeration procedure to know the number of pupils admitted and their attendance
-Which of the following types of power is associated with the attractiveness and appeal of a leader?
a) Reward power b) Expert power c) Referent power d) Traditional power
-Which of the following types of power is associated with the leaders position?
a) Reward power b) Expert power c) Referent power d) Legitimate power
School staff is used to refer to .
a) teachers in the school only b) teachers, accounting and clerical staff only
c) teachers, accounting clerical and kitchen staff only d) all workers in the school
90.Which of the following statements best describes the school plant?
a) the machines, typewriters/computers and vehicles owned by the school
b) the land area, parks, gardens and farms/plants on the school premises
c) physical facilities, buildings, grounds and equipment possessed by the school
d) none of the above
1.Which of the following statements best distinguishes power from authority?
a) power implies the use of force but authority implies the use of discussion
b) power implies an ability to do something but authority implies the right to do it
c) power implies influence but authority implies will
d) power refers to a person but authority refers to an office
2.Which of the statements is a characteristic of leadership?
a) it only exists in formal settings or groups
b) it has a diffused character in that all members share in it
c) it does not work without the application of sanctions
d) it focuses on the achievement of goals.
3.Which of the following theories of leadership talks about leadership styles?
a) Behaviourist theory b) Psychoanalytic theory
c) Contingency theory d) Trait theory
4.Which of the following sources of power is used when teachers respect their head because of his personality?
a) Expert power b) Personal power c) Referent power d) Reward power
The three main/basic leadership styles are ..
a) authoritarian, autocratic and democratic
b) autocratic, democratic and laissez-faire
c) democratic, authoritarian and transactional
d) dominative, participatory and transactional
5.Which of the following is a type / kind of school climate?
a) the open climate b) the autonomous climate
c) the controlled climate d) all of the above
6.All the following were predominant Castles that provided education for African children except a) Cape Coast Castle b) Christianburg Castle
c) Elmina Castle d) Missionaries Castle
7.Which of the following is not a reason for introducing Western Education into the country? a) To train interpreters to facilitate communication between the White man and Africans b) To train Clerks to keep records c) To convert the African to Christianity
d) To curb indiscipline and make the African popular
Child accounting in pupil personnel is opening a ledger to record all fees paid by the child a) True b) False
8.Who initiated the movement of the Basel mission from Osu in Accra to the Akwapim Hills?
a) Andreas Riis b) Christien Protten c) De Richelieu d) Rev. Christaller
9.n which year was the first education act established?
a) 1952 b) 1961 c) 1965 d) 1981
100.Which committee was established in 1966 to delve into the then existing educational system?
a) Kwapong Educational Review Committee
b) Mill-Odoi Educational Review Committee
c) Krobo Educational Review Committee
d) Anamuah Mensah Educational Review Committee
1.Which education reform introduced the Junior Secondary School concept in Ghana?
a) Reform of 1972 b) Reform of 1987
c) Reform of 1974 d) Review of 1992
2.All the following are major challenges addressed by FCUBE except ..
a) Limited access to basic education
b) Ineffective and insufficient school management practices
c) poor teaching methods and insufficient teaching and learning materials
3.The qualities of a leader which deals with the leaders interpretation and understanding of life is referred to as .
a) Tangible qualities b) Intangible qualities
c) Positive qualities d) Negative qualities
4.The qualities of a leader which deals with his/her acquired experiences, knowledge and skill demonstrated overtime is called
a) Negative qualities b) Intangible qualities
c) Tangible qualities d) Positive qualities
5.Which of the following is not a school and community relationship?
a) The school as a closed system b) Interpretation system of relationship
c) The co-operative system of relationship
d) The community and the school as a closed system
6.Which of the following statements is used to distinguish management from administration?
a) One is considered to be operating at higher level than the other
b) One deals with coordination but the other does not
c) One is a process, but the other is an activity
d) One deals with human resources but the other deals with both human and materials
7.Which of the following tasks of the school administrator/head falls under appraisal?
a) The provision of opportunities for professional growth of staff
b) The establishment of staff attendance sheets/register
c) The provision of orientation and adjustment support for both teachers and learners
d) The provision of materials and equipment
8.Which of the following terms show a kind of relationship between individuals?
a) Authority b) Discipline c) Budgeting d) Planning
9.Which of these has externally imposed and internally imposed characteristics?
a) Authority b) Discipline c) Budgeting d) Planning
110.When a young person heads a school, older staff must still obey the person because such a person has .. Authority
1.Which of the following factors is most likely to cause indiscipline in a school?
a) If teachers are considerate towards pupils
b) If a teacher insists on the right thing being done
c) If a teacher is not stern towards pupils
d) If the teacher can not teach well
2.Which of the following concepts has a definition which emphasizes influence rather than control?
a) Leadership b) Management c) Directing d) Administration
A headmaster of a basic school in Ghana wields a legal-rational authority
a) True b) False
3.Which of the following was a principal aim of Traditional African Education before the advent of school education?
a) To make the young part of the society
b) To improve the creative skills of the young
c) To reduce superstition among the people d) To train people of the ruling class
4.Which one of the following sets of methods was practised in Traditional African Education? a) Imitation, discussion and co-operation
b) Participation, discussion and imitation
c) Participation, engagement and brainstorm
d) Observation, imitation and participation
5.Which one of the following was NOT a reason for the establishment of Castle schools by the European Merchants in post-colonial Gold Coast?
a) The need for clerks to assist them
b) The need to teach the local children survival skills
c) The need to educate children they had with local women
d) The need to spread Christianity to the people
6.The curriculum of the Castle schools has often been described as the 3Rs. What do these stand for?
a) Reading, Religion and restitution b) Reading, rhymes and religion
c) Reading, writing and arithmetic d) Reading, religion and recitation
7.In which year did the Bremen missionary society, led by Lorenz Wolf, begin its work at Peki in the Volta Region?
a) 1843 b) 1847 c) 1853 d) 1856
8.Which of the following Missions established the first teacher training college in the Gold Coast? a) The Dutch Mission b) The Bremen Mission
c) The Basel Mission d) The Roman Catholic Mission
9.Which one of the following missionary education systems has the Madrasa as a level in the educational ladder?
a) Islamic Mission b) Bremen Mission
c) Orthodox Christians d) Basel Mission
120.Three important educational ordinances were passed in Gold Coast in the 19th Century. Which of the following sets of years were the ordinances passed in?
a) 1850 b) 1890 and 1892
c) 1852, 1882 and 1892 d) 1852, 1882 and 1887
1.Which one of the following reasons prompted the Colonial Government to participate in Education in the Gold Coast?
a) The withdrawal of competing European Countries left the British alone and they decided to exert more influence
b) The resources which were extracted provided sufficient revenue for funding education
c) The Phelps Stokes Commission reported proposed a need for expanded educational delivery
d) The increased agitation by indigenous Gold Coasters for the school education.
2.The first reforms in the education in the 20th Century were initiated in 1908. Which Governor of the Gold Coast was associated with this reform?
a) Sir Richelieu b) John Rodger
c) Gordon Guggisberg d) Sir Allan Burns
3.Which one of the following Governors was influenced by the Phelps Stokes Commission report to make reforms in education in the Gold Coast?
a) Sir Richelieu b) John Rodger
c) Gordon Guggisberg d) Sir Allan Burns
4.Which one of the following Governors was associated with 16 principles in education in the Gold Coast? a) Sir Richelieu b) John Rodger
c) Gordon Guggisberg d) Sir Allan Burns
5.Which of the following statements correctly describes the state of education in the Gold Coast at the end of the colonial era?
a) Access to education was expensive
b) The curriculum was mainly literacy education
c) Nearly all teachers had been trained in numerous short course centres
d) The state had full control over education
6.In which year was the Accelerated Development Plan for Education Passed?
a) 1948 b) 1951 c) 1978 d) 1987
The Bremen missionary who undertook translation into the Ewe language was
a) Christaller b) Riis c) Westermann d) Zimmermann
7.Where in the Gold Coast was the first Castle school established?
a) Accra b) Cape Coast c) Elmina d) Komenda
8.The N.L.C which ruled Ghana from 1966 appointed two bodies to look into some aspects of the educational system in Ghana. One of these bodies was.
a) The Kwapong Committee b) The Dzobo Committee
c) The Coussey Committee d) The Erzuah Committee
9.At a staff meeting at Tamatoku JHS, a teacher remarked because Mr. Ahiatrogah Eric, the headteacher is older than all of us he sees us as small minds and for that matter refuses to consider our suggestions in decisions affecting the school. What type of school climate is being described by the concerned teacher at Tamatoku?
a) Paternal b) Open c) Familiar d) Autonomous
130.In school records, the entry of consumables and non-consumables is associated with the book
a) Expenditure b) Ledger c) Inventory d) Log
1.In which year was the Elmina castle built? a) 1426 b) 1527 c) 1482 d) 1582
2.Qualities of a good leader as Mr. Ali Confidence, the circuit officer remarked in an orientation workshop for newly appointed basic school heads could be classified under two major headings. Which of the following appropriately describes the headings? a) Formal and informal qualities b) Intrinsic and extrinsic qualities
c) Positive and negative qualities d) Tangible and intangible qualities
3.Which of the following is NOT a theory of leadership?
a) Legal-Rational theory b) Contingency c) Trait d) Behaviour
4.The .. theory is the theory of leadership which describes how leaders carry out their tasks.
a) Legal-Rational b) Contingency c) Trait d) Behaviour
5.Which of the following styles of leadership does NOT promote staff initiative and creativity?
a) Autocratic b) Laissez-Faire c) Transactional d) Democratic
6. Which of the following issues about leadership did Adesina (1990) classify as tangible and intangible? a) Leadership tasks b) Leadership qualities
c) Leadership styles d) Leadership domains
7.Which of the following is a weakness of Traditional African Education?
a) Every adult is regarded as a teacher b) It encourages respect for adult
c) It integrates its recipients into the society from birth to death
d) Lack of sense of comparison and estimation
8.Which of the following Europeans defeated and sacked the Portuguese?
a) Dutch b) Danes c) English d) Swedes
9.The first teacher training college in the Gold Coast was established at .
a) Cape Coast b) Elmina c) Akropong d) Osu
140.In which school record are the main events that occur in the school in any given year recorded?
a) Log book b) General records book c) Events book d) Diary
1.When pupils transfer from one school to another they are expected to carry along their
a) Terminal reports b) Transfer forms
c) Cumulative record cards d) Pupils records
2.In which year was the FCUBE first implemented?
a) 1987 b) 1992 c) 1995 d) 2002
3.One of the major problems the FCUBE is supposed to tackle is ..
a) The management of schools
b) The resources allocated by government to education
c) The appropriate use of donor money in education
d) The issue of unemployed school leavers
The first Castle School was founded in
a) 1549 b) 1794 c) 1529 d) 1539
4.Which of the Christian missionary societies in the Gold Coast was more successful in the promotion of technical education?
a) Anglican b) Basel c) Bremen d) Catholic
5.Madrasas as a level on the ladder of the Islamic education system is equivalent to
a) primary education b) secondary education
c) teacher education d) university education
6.hich of the following was not a reason that motivated the British colonial Government to participate and expand educational facilities in the Gold Coast? The
a) annexation of southern Ghana as British crown colony
b) increased agitation by the indigenous Gold Coasters for school education
c) suppression of the Fante Confederation as pressure group
d) withdrawal of competing European countries from the Gold Coast
7.The 1852 Education Ordinance provided for all of the following except
a) board of school supervisors b) female education
c) payment by results d) training of teachers locally
8.Why was the Payment by Results system halted as an educational role in the Gold Coast?. Because it
a) nurtured creativity in teachers b) nurtured creativity in pupils
c) rendered teaching and learning bookish
d) rendered teaching and learning more expensive
9.he Phelps Stokes Commission report influenced the educational reform of Governor ..
a) Burns b) Guggisberg c) Richelieu d) Rodger
150.By the end of Guggisbergs term as governor of the Gold Coast four technical schools were built across the Gold Coast. Which of the following sets of technical institutes were constructed at the time?
a) Asuansi, Takoradi, Accra and Kibi Technical
b) Asuansi, Kibi, Yendi and Navrongo Technical
c) Asuansi, Kibi, Yendi and Kumasi Technical
d) Asuansi, Mampong, Yendi and Kibi Technical
1.Which of the following introduced the Teachers Certificate B?
a) 1961 Education Act b) Accelerated Development Plan
c) Continuation Education Strategy d) Coussey Committee on Education
2.Which education reform introduced for the first time in Ghana the Free Textbook scheme?
a) 1951 Accelerated Development Plan b) 1961 Education Act
c) 1976 Education Reform d) 1987 Education Reform
3.Which type of education is non-literate, nativistic, incidental and indigenous?
a) Child centred education b) Formal education c) Informal education d) Non-formal education
4.The school head has a number of school records to support his/her work as an administrator. In which school record will he/she record the main events that occur in the school?
a) Diary b) Events book c) General records book d) Log book
5.In his function as a head of the school, the headteacher delegates his authority to his teachers. Which management function is this?
a) Directing b) Organizing c) Planning d) Staffing
6.The 1987 Education Reform has achieved all except one of the following
a) Absorption of all the JSS graduates into existing Senior Secondary Schools
b) Community involvement in school management
c) Improvement in the supply of educational inputs
d) Reduction in the duration of pre-university education
Please count above to go: 165,164,163 in that order.
166. The extension of Basic Education in Ghana to include kindergarten was the outcome of
(a) Anamuah Mensah Committees (b) Dzobo Committees
(c) Erzuah Committees (d) Kwapong Committees
Match the type of management functions (classification by Gulick) numbered167-171 in A with their explanation in B. Fill the space in the middle of the table with
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